A few good reasons to shop locally

Subjects: Environmental impacts, Food sovereignty, Rural economies & communities

For most of us, the weekly grocery shop consists of a trip to one of the UK’s big supermarkets where we can  find a wide selection of goods, the cheapest prices, some enticing deals and often 24-hour access. Megastores make it easy and convenient  to buy everything we need, at the most competitive prices, in just one trip. However, the reality of the situation is that cheap prices and accessibility come at costs that are hidden to most of us consumers. Below are three reasons why we should focus our spending primarily at the local level, at independent retailers, as opposed to huge superstores.

1. Spending in smaller, independent businesses boosts the local economy through a multiplier effect, because these stores  spend a larger proportion of their revenue back into the local economy. Results comprised from nine studies by Civic Economics[1] show that independent retailers recirculate 47.7% of revenue locally, compared to just 13.6% by national chains. The effect of this recirculation is higher output and more jobs for the local community. Additional revenues made by large chains are more likely to be spent centrally, often abroad , or retained as profits, and therefore do not benefit the local residents.

2. Independent retailers have their own individual character, and stock exciting, one-of-a-kind products that you can’t find in a supermarket. Having a large number of these retailers  creates diversity and can provide local areas with their own unique identity. The introduction of a Tesco Express or Sainsbury’s Local adds no value to this identity; in fact it detracts from it as supermarkets don’t offer much cultural diversity in their products.

3. Shopping locally is better for the environment. For example, the local farmers’ market sells seasonal produce that has been grown nearby, using little packaging and travelling just a few miles from source to destination. Supermarkets have a much larger global footprint as they ship products from all over the world, and make use of a lot more plastic packaging. Smaller retailers can also usually set up within already busy shopping areas, providing easy access for consumers, whereas large superstores are often built on the outskirts of towns and cities, potentially only accessible by car or bus, creating additional pollution and damage to natural habitats and rural communities.

Screen Shot 2016-02-19 at 16.34.10

 

Supermarkets are competing against one another nationally, and the top four retailers in the UK have a combined market share of over 70%[2]. The price-war between these superstores has forced a vast number of local, independent and family run retailers out of business, and as a result they now make up only 2.1% of the market. We can help change this by rethinking how we consume and supporting our local retailers. The following four steps are a good way to get started:

  1. We should not have our shopping habits dictated to us by the big supermarkets; let’s decide what we want and then find a retailer who supplies it.
  2. We can use online resources to find retailers that suit our needs. For example, Farms Not Factories’  High Welfare Pork Directory lists farms, butchers, shops and restaurants that supply pork locally throughout the UK.
  3. Remember to keep some cash in our back pockets. Smaller retailers generally all accept debit cards these days, but often add a 50p charge for lesser transactions.
  4. Attempt to build a friendly relationship with the owners of our local convenience stores. After getting to know them, they may be open to stocking specific products on request.

 

References

[1] http://www.civiceconomics.com/indie-impact.html

[2] http://www.statista.com/statistics/279900/grocery-market-share-in-the-united-kingdom-uk/